Christians and Muslims Do Not Worship the Same God

Merely because Abraham birthed both Isaac, representing Judaism and the God of the Old Covenant, as well as Ishamael, anachronistically representing Islam, grants us no license to imagine that the God of Abraham and Allah, the god of Islam, are one and the same. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is not Islam's Allah. The Jesus of first-century fame is not the mere man and alleged prophet of the Qur'an. The Holy Spirit of infallible Scripture is not the angel Gabriel as portrayed in the Qur'an. To claim that the Christian God and the Islamic god refer to the same God is asinine at best and blasphemous at worst.


The Qur'an insists, "They have certainly disbelieved who say, 'Allah is the third of three.' And there is no god except one God. And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment." (Surat Al-Mā'idah 5:73) This quote is enough evidence to distinguish between the two Gods; meaning, they are not the same Being -- even the Muslim must concede that Allah is not the same God the Hebrews and the Christians worship.

All orthodox Christians defend the biblical doctrine of the Triune God, making Unitarian and Modalist views of God heretical -- damnably so: "He therefore that will be saved must think thus of the Trinity," states the Athanasian Creed. "There is one God who exists in Three Persons. Not three gods, nor one Person, but one God in Three Persons." According to our early fathers, belief in the Triune God is essential for obtaining and maintaining one's salvation, and I agree with them: the triune God is the only God. 

What is God but essence? Essence is:

  • The intrinsic or indispensable properties that serve to characterize or identify something.
  • The most important ingredient; the crucial element.
  • The inherent, unchanging nature of a thing or class of things.
  • a. An extract that has the fundamental properties of a substance in concentrated form. b. Such an extract in a solution of alcohol. c. A perfume or scent.
  • One that has or shows an abundance of a quality as if highly concentrated: a neighbor who is the essence of hospitality.
  • Something that exists, especially a spiritual or incorporeal entity. (link)
The essence of God has always existed as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. This "tri-union," as stated in the Athanasian Creed, "neither confounding [confusing, nor conflating] the persons nor dividing the substance." The Creed continues: "And in this Trinity none is afore, or after another; none is greater, or less than another; But the whole three Persons are co-eternal together and co-equal. So that in all things, as is aforesaid, the Unity in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is to be worshipped. He therefore that will be saved must think thus of the Trinity." (emphasis added) In Islam, the essence, God, can only exist in One Person, as in Unitarianism, while in orthodox Christianity the essence, God, exists in Three Persons. One Person and Three Persons do not signify the same God.


In Islam, Jesus is merely a man, a prophet, and a good teacher (Unitarians agree); while in orthodox Christianity He is the Son of God and the Son of Man -- the Messiah, the Savior. Though Muslims revere Jesus as virgin-born, a miracle-working prophet of Allah, they deny Him Sonship and deity, making Islam damnably heretical, and Allah a false god; since the living and true God (1 Thess. 1:9) begat a Son named Jesus Christ, Himself divine, worthy of all worship, as well as total obedience. Moreover, a mere prophet or "good teacher" does not rob glory from God, allowing others to worship Him as such. Jesus, then, is either God, as Son of God, worthy of worship alongside of the Father and the Holy Spirit, or He is a rank heretic worthy of the blasphemous charge leading to His death.

Islam denies to Christ Jesus His propitiatorial role as Savior of sinful humanity by His crucifixion, as well as His resurrection: "And [for] their saying, 'Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.' And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain." (Surat An-Nisā' 4:157) If our Savior did not die for our sins then we have no Savior. Islam robs the world of a Savior.

This Islamic portrayal is a different Jesus. Again, we must concede that Islam is a false (not orthodox) religion advocating a false god. God's Son, Jesus Christ, is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world by crucifixion (John 1:29; Luke 24:7), so that those who will trust in His blood-sacrifice and subsequent resurrection can be saved (John 3:16; Rom. 10:9-10). Moreover, Jesus is the exact imprint of God's very nature (Heb. 1:3). Islam is quite mistaken and Christians do not worship the god of Islam.


In Islam, the Holy Spirit is the angel Gabriel (link), while in orthodox Christianity He is the Third Person of the Triune Godhead, who, as the Nicene Creed affirms, proceeds from the Father and the Son (John 15:26), and "with the Father and the Son He is worshiped and glorified" -- worshiped and glorified, rendering Unitarians as well as Muslims heretics.

In essence the Holy Spirit is God, and as God He sovereignly works in the hearts of people (1 Cor. 12:11); searches the heart (1 Cor. 2:10); testifies with our spirit (John 15:26); bears witness (1 John 5:6); teaches us divine truths in our spirit (John 14:26); convicts us of sin (John 16:8-11); prays and makes divine intercession for us (Rom. 8:26); guides the believer inwardly into all truth (John 16:13); brings about one's regeneration (John 3:5, 6; Titus 3:5); strives inwardly with people (Gen. 6:3); sends out messengers (Isa. 48:16); calls people into ministry (Acts 13:2; 20:28); directs people to the service of Christ (Acts 8:29; 10:19; 16:6, 7); and imparts spiritual gifts at His will (1 Cor. 12:7, 11) -- all divine attributes of which an angel is inherently incapable of performing, especially regeneration and creation.  


If Christians concede that Islam's false god is synonymous with the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Exodus 3:6; Matt. 22:32), the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Cor. 1:3; 1 Pet. 1:3), then we deny and blaspheme Him. The apostle Paul complains about the Corinthian believers being all too eager to heed other voices proclaiming another Jesus, receiving a different spirit from the one that they had already received, and for adopting and promoting a different gospel from the one they had originally accepted (2 Cor. 11:4).

He also writes to the Galatian believers regarding his astonishment that they are so quick in deserting God, who has called them in the grace of Christ, in turning to a different gospel (Gal. 1:6-8). He insists: "As we have said before, so now I repeat, if anyone proclaims to you a gospel contrary to what you received, let that one be accursed!" (Gal. 1:9) There is no other gospel (Gal. 1:7) and there is no other God besides our Triune God (Isaiah 45:5, 6, 14, 21, 22; 46:9; 47:8, 10). All other versions of God are false gods, and God will judge all who worship false gods, which are nothing in reality (Isaiah 46:1-2; 48:5), and the worship of such is explicitly rendered as demon-worship (cf. 1 Cor. 10:20).

If such is true -- that all idolatrous worship of false gods is tantamount to demon-worship -- then worshiping Allah is demon-worship. The same came be said of any other false god that is worshiped in the earth since the dawn of humanity. The living and true God (1 Thess. 1:9) states: "I am the LORD, and there is no other; besides me there is no God." (Isaiah 45:5) Hence Christians and Muslims do not worship the same God.


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My name is William Birch and I grew up in the Southern Baptist tradition but converted, if you will, to Anglicanism in 2012. I am gay, affirming, and take very seriously matters of social justice, religion and politics in the church and the state.